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Cognitivismo Clinico – n. 2 – Dicembre- 2016

Cognitivismo Clinico – n. 2 – Dicembre- 2016

Editoriale Roberto Lorenzini e Antonino Carcione Massimizzare la terapia di esposizione: un approccio basato sull’apprendimento inibitorio EmilianoToso, Michelle G. Craske, Michael Treanor, Christopher C. Conway, Tomislav Zbozinek, BramVervliet...

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Objective: The aim of our study was to investigate psychophysiological correlates following the induction of moral disgust in individuals diagnosed with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and in individuals diagnosed with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder. Disgust is an emotion highly correlated with DOC and it is one of the main factors influencing the appearance of obsessions and compulsions. The hypothesis of our research is that subjects with DOC and subjects with personality DOC experience different psychophysiological activations as a result of the emotion of moral disgust. Method: The participants (14 DOC and 11 DOCP) were submitted to an audio-file listening, while their heart rate variability (HRV) measurements were recorded in time and frequency domain. Data on their emotional state were collected before and after induction. Participants were also given OCI-R (to investigate their obsessive-compulsive traits), DS-R (to investigate their sensitivity to disgust) and PVQ (to deepen their value orientation). Results: The results indicate that the DOC subjects have a greater parasympathetic activation following the induction of moral disgust, while the DOCP show a greater activation of the sympathetic type. Conclusions: Therefore moral disgust seems to elicit greater vaso-vagal activation in participants diagnosed with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and greater activation of the sympathetic system in participants diagnosed with Personally Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, although the emotions referred after the induction are similar for both groups. Further studies are needed to confirm this result; however it represents an important difference between these disturbance, too often considered equivalent. Key words: obsessive-compulsive disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, moral disgust, heart rate variability

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